Artigos Científicos

  1. Gianfrilli D, Lauretta R, Di Dato C, Graziadio C, Pozza C, De Larichaudy J, Giannetta E, Isidori AM, Lenzi A. Propionyl-L-carnitine, L-arginine and niacin in sexual medicine: a nutraceutical approach to erectile dysfunction. Andrologia. 2012 May;44 Suppl 1:600-4.
  2. Aoki H, Nagao J, Ueda T, Strong JM, Schonlau F, Yu-Jing S, Lu Y, Horie S. Clinical Assessment of a Supplement of Pycnogenol® and l-arginine in Japanese Patients with Mild to Moderate Erectile Dysfunction. Phytother Res. 2011 May 27.
  3. Cavallini G, Modenini F, Vitali G, Koverech A. Acetyl-L-carnitine plus propionyl-L-carnitine improve efficacy of sildenafil in treatment of erectile dysfunction after bilateral nerve-sparing radical retropubic prostatectomy. Urology. 2005 Nov;66(5):1080-5.
  4. Gentile V, Antonini G, Antonella Bertozzi M, Dinelli N, Rizzo C, Ashraf Virmani M, Koverech A. Effect of propionyl-L-carnitine, L-arginine and nicotinic acid on the efficacy of vardenafil in the treatment of erectile dysfunction in diabetes. Curr Med Res Opin. 2009 Sep;25(9):2223-8.
  5. Toda, Noboru, Kazuhede Ayajiki, and Tomio Okamura. “Nitric oxide and penile erectile function.” Pharmacology & therapeutics 106.2 (2005): 233-266.
  6.  Stanislavov, R., and V. Nikolova. “Treatment of erectile dysfunction with pycnogenol and L-arginine.” Journal of Sex &Marital Therapy 29.3 (2003): 207-213.
  7.  Ng, Chi‐Fai, et al. “Effect of niacin on erectile function in men suffering erectile dysfunction and dyslipidemia.” The journal of sexual medicine 8.10 (2011): 2883-2893.
  8.  Gianfrilli, D., et al. “Propionyl‐L‐carnitine, L‐arginine and niacin in sexual medicine: a nutraceutical approach to erectile dysfunction.” Andrologia 44.s1 (2012): 600-604.
  9.  Esposito, Katherine, et al. “Effect of lifestyle changes on erectile dysfunction in obese men: a randomized controlled trial.” Jama 291.24 (2004): 2978-2984.
  10. Ferrari R, Merli E, Cicchitelli G, Mele D, Fucili A, Ceconi C. Therapeutic effects of L-carnitine and propionyl-L-carnitine on cardiovascular diseases: a review. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2004 Nov;1033:79-91.
  11. Gregorian Jr, Razmic S., et al. “Antidepressant-induced sexual dysfunction.” Annals of Pharmacotherapy 36.10 (2002): 1577-1589.
  12. Harvard Health Publications.5 natural ways to overcome erectile dysfunction.Disponivel em:
  13. Adamowicz J, Drewa T. Is there a link between soft drinks and erectile dysfunction? Central European Journal of Urology. 2011;64(3):140-143. doi:10.5173/ceju.2011.03.art8.
  14. Esposito, K., et al. “Dietary factors in erectile dysfunction.” International journal of impotence research 18.4 (2006): 370.
  15. Esposito, Katherine, et al. “Dietary factors, Mediterranean diet and erectile dysfunction.” The journal of sexual medicine 7.7 (2010): 2338-2345.
  16. Kay, Colin D., et al. “Pistachios increase serum antioxidants and lower serum oxidized-LDL in hypercholesterolemic adults.” The Journal of nutrition 140.6 (2010): 1093-1098.